Zé do Chalé [José Cândido dos Santos]
1903, Neópolis | SE - Brazil
2008, Neópolis | SE - Brazil
Already deceased artist, descendent from the Xocó Indians. He was born in Saúde, Neópolis County, and worked for many years as a foreman in Aracaju, Capital of Sergipe State, where he lived to his death. His nickname comes from his longstanding work as a builder. His link with the Xocó Indians community on the Island of São Pedro, on São Francisco River, which he used to visit every year and where he worked in his youth as a carpenter in building boats with his figureheads on their prows. He generally presented work on the vertical, in the geometric shaped, and even sometimes abstract.
Imaginations of a house builder, beyond the boundaries of an actual home, in creating dreamlike buildings, or “trophies”. He also carves the human figure: formal Indians, naked, with symmetric feather tangas and a westernized headdress , very similar to what he wears every day. The birds, leaves of plants, cross, star, half-moon, used sparingly and with balance, also appear with a symbolic value in the composition of his structures, generally on top of them. His work combines the Xocó ancestral legacy with the modernity of urban life.
Source: Little Dictionary of the Brazilian People’s Art – 20th Century, by anthropologist and poet Lélia Coelho Frota
2013 Zé do Chalé: a sculpture of the void, Galeria Estação, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2012-2013 Symbolic Geography of Zé do Chalé, Museu Théo Brandão, Maceio, AL, Brazil
2008 Zé do Chalé: owner of the arrow, Museu do Folclore, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2019 Moderns and Eternals, Mosteiros de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2012 - 2013 Janete Costa "A Look", Museu Janete Costa, Niterói, RJ, Brazil
2009 Casa Brazil, Parque de Eventos Bento Gonçalves, Bento Golnçalves, RS, Brazil
2018 Brazilian outsider art: a contemporary wurvey, Vilma Eid, Germana Monte-Mór, publisher WMF Martins Fontes, pg 294, 295
2013 Zé do Chalé: a sculpture of the void, Cauê Alves e Vilma Eid, publisher Lis Gráfica, pg 11, 24, 26
2012 Janete Costa "A Look", Mario Santos, publisher Lis Gráfica, pg 24, 114, 115, 117, 118, 120, 121, 122, 123